Optometry Downloads Free

Library of Publications

by optometrist Dr Tony Hanks, OAM

Dr Tony Hanks has lectured and published extensively throughout his 45 year career as an optometrist.  The following are examples of articles and scientific papers. Most are FREE to be downloaded for your reference, or for use as resources. When used, the only requirement is the normal attribution of the author(s) and the publication source.

Incidence of Vision Problems in Children

Clin Exp Optom, 1988, 71(6), 179-183 

A study of 151 Year 5 school children was conducted to determine the incidence of significant visual problems and the proportion that were not previously identified. Includes implications for school vision screening programs.


(With IAN D CHAPMAN, B Optom)

Children's Vision Problems -

February 2011


An explanation of normal visual development for babies, pre-schoolers and school children.


Describes the most common vision problems that affect children.

Attracting New Optometry Patients  - Discussion Paper
Reproducibility of Spin Cast Hydrophilic Contact Lenses

Aust J Optom, 1976, 59(10), 341-347

A study was conducted using 10 existing contact lens patients over a period of 10 weeks. This involved 200 lens changes to test the reproducibility of spin cast hydrophilic contact lenses to objective and subjective satisfaction. The correlation and reliability of each form were also assessed.

Troubleshooting Soft Toric Contact Lenses

Int CL Clinic, 1983, 10(5), 305-317


Reasons to explain the reluctance of practitioners to fully embrace the toric soft lens alternative are explored. Common clinical problems and troubleshooting are discussed.


The Watermelon Seed Principle

CL Forum, 1983, (9)


This paper relates to Toric Soft Contact Lenses for the correction of astigmatism. Prism Ballast is a popular method of stabilising rotation, but the mechanism was misunderstood as gravity. This landmark paper demonstrated that the method is actually based upon thin zones and wedges.

Cosmetic Tinted Contact Lenses: A New Option

Clin Focus, 1984, 1(2), 5-10


Cosmetic tints in soft contact lenses have only recently become available in a workable range of parameters. There are 3 categories of tinted lenses: Visibility Tints for handling; Therapeutic Tints for injured or scarred eyes; and Cosmetic Tints to change the natural eye colour.

Managing Eye Health Changes

Rev of Optom, 1983, 121(4), 73


Since cosmetic extended wear lenses were first approved for marketing in the US in 1981, the bedate over their safety has intensified, not abated. Today about 26% of all soft lenses prescribed are extended wear and the number of new fits is on the rise..

Today's Hydrogel Extended Wear Contact Lenses

Eye Contact, 1985, 2(1), 7-12


The use of extended wear lenses has increased dramatically. Hydrogel EW lenses account for 12% of fittings in Australia & 33% in the US. Most patients are successful, but there can also be some physiological problems.



Tomorrow's Extended Wear Contact Lenses?

Eye Contact, 1985, 2(1), 13-18


The use of hydrogel lenses for extended wear, as well as awareness of their inherent problems, are both increasing. Research is ongoing to develop lenses that can satisfy the demand without the problems.


How To Choose an Ultra-Thin Contact Lens

Rev of Optom, 1986, 123(4), 61-70


Today's thin Hema extended wear contact lenses are not created equally. Each one of the currently available lenses has its' own unique strengths and weaknesses, making each one suitable for some patients and unsuitable for others.

Clinical Performance of Toric Soft Contact Lens Designs

Rev of Optom, 1983, 121(4), 73


Various lens design features have been utilized to properly orient oric hydrogel lenses. Clinical performance of these designs were explored and guidelines are presented for lens selection for patients.


Contact Lenses Down Under - The State of CL's in Australia

CL Forum, 1990, (5), 31


This is an article written for the American market, about the state of contact lenses in Australia. In general the penetration rate is lower, but the use of specialty lens designs is higher. Issues aroun lens care and practitioner clinical training are also discussed.

Proactive Vs Reactive Contact Lens Discussion

CL Spectrum, 1991, (12), 33-35


An in-practice study that reveals that practitioners who bring up the subject of contact lenses fit many more than those who don't.

Evolving Eye Health Expertise in Vietnam

MiVision, 2016, 109(2), 28-30

Many optometrists are proud to
support Optometry Giving Sight (OGS) – partly because OGS is “our” charity and especially because the world has a ridiculous problem of preventable blindness, as pointed out so effectively by the late Brien Holden.

Distance Visual Acuity Charts (3M & 6M)

August, 2002


A collection of high resolution printable visual acuity charts to be printed on standard A3 or A4 paper. They can then be used at 6M (20Ft) or 3M (10Ft).

Includes charts for adults, children, illiterate E, Landolt C, mirror chart, Log MAR & astigmatism.

Library of Optometry Forms and Patient Handouts 

April, 2020

This is an extensive collection of printable forms and handouts to be used in optometry practices.

The patient handouts can be copied onto practice letterhead and cover the common eye conditions - such as cataract, astigmatism, macular degeneration, children's vision, etc.

Vision Training Resources - Printable Exercise Sheets

May, 2020


A library of vision training instructions that can be printed for use with patients.


Areas covered include amblyopia and suppression; convergence and accommodation; visual-motor and visual perception.

Purpose Building an Optometry Practice (Aust version)

Practice, 1995, (5), 4-6

Describes the erection of a new purpose-built optometric practice.


Includes thoughts on establishing the new facility with careful planning and minute attention to detail; combined with a dedicated building team.

A Purpose Built Optometry Practice (US version)

Optom Econ, 1996, (4), 38-40


Growth had exceeded expectations, the premises were too small and there were layout inefficiencies.

This article describes how the practice was upgraded by erecting a new free-standing building and customising it to the needs of an optometric practice.

What Patients Want

AV Books, published 2010 - 300 pages


This book was written for practitioners, based upon the experience of the author in private practice optometry.

As well as being based upon that personal experience, it also includes practical learnings from other fields.

Attracting More Patients

Hanks Optom Trust, published 2012


Many optometry practices are under-utilised and optometrists will frequently nominate "not enough patients" as an obstacle to success.


This paper is a practical approach to what can be done to address the issue.

A Worksheet Plan for Growth

Hanks Optom Trust, published 2010


This detailed plan was prepared to help optometry practices to achieve growth.


It includes the suggested steps to be taken and is based upon topics & materials covered in the book "What Patients Want".

The Optometry Team

AV Books, published 1999 - 400 pages

Now in its' 4th edition, this book was originally written to train staff in the optometry practice of the author. This then developed into this popular book that is in use around the world.

Originally intended for support staff it is now also used by early-year-optometrists.

Delivering the New 

Excerpt 403  -  August, 2008


This paper is an example of the information and resources in "The Optometry Team".


This can be useful for staff training, or as a topic for discussion at a staff meetings.

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